Hippocrates, the ancient greek philosopher and father of medicine, was born on the island of Kos, on the 27 th day of month Agrianos, at 460 b. C. He was the son of Heraclides and Faneraite and descended from Asclepios, on his father’s side and from Hercules, on his mother’s side. His origin was of noble priests, the Asklepiades, who knew medicine very well. The family gave an excellent education to young Hippocrates.
Besides his parents, sophist Gorgias, Demockritos of Abdera and dietician Herodikos were his teachers. He studied medicine at the medical schools of Knidos and Kos. He traveled through Greece and far away countries like Skythia and Egypt, where he studied nature and climate and their affect on human health and behavior.When he returned to Kos, he took over the local medicine school, where he started teaching young people, while he was doing research on the medical ways of Askepios’s priests, the priest doctors and philosophers.
Being a great scientist, he relieved medicine of superstition and applied innovating therapeutical methods. Hippocrates’ sacred ally was mother nature. He believed that a doctor should be a philosopher, so that he could detect the root of the disease. He should know in depth the mind and soul of the patient, before he dealt with the signs of the body.
«For a Doctor being a Philosopher, is equal to God!». So, according to his beliefs, true therapists should be godrespecting, modest, dignified, philanthropist, humble, patient, clean, polite, non-avaricious, philosophers. The Knidos medical scholars were dealing only with the sick organs of the patient, cut off from the whole of the patient (as modern western medicine does). Hippocrates was utterly against this method, which regarded as false medical approach. He faced the patient as a whole, body and mind and soul. When he became very old, he settled at Larissa (as it was revealed to him through a dream), where he died, at the age of 90, or according to others, 104 years. Hippocrates’ teachings became the source of medicine science. Doctors all over the world, still swear to serve their sacred purpose reciting his Oath.